Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole, named after the German explorer Franz Stuhlmann, is a small mammal that belongs to the golden mole family (Chrysochloridae). These moles have several remarkable features that enable them to thrive in their subterranean habitats. Their bodies are elongated, covered in dense, velvety fur that ranges in color from golden-brown to reddish-brown. Their eyes are tiny, and they lack external ears, as their underground environment does not necessitate these sensory organs.

These solitary creatures are highly adapted to a fossorial lifestyle. Their forelimbs are powerful and equipped with large, clawed digits, which they use to excavate complex tunnel systems beneath the surface. Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole constructs an extensive network of interconnected burrows, including feeding tunnels, nesting chambers, and escape routes.

As a specialized insectivore, Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole relies on its acute sense of touch to locate and capture prey. It uses its sensitive snout and whiskers to detect vibrations and movements of potential food items, such as insects or earthworms, within the soil. Once located, the mole rapidly digs through the substrate, using its strong forelimbs and powerful claws to seize its prey.

Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole: Species Profile

COMMON NAME: Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole

SWAHILI NAME: The Swahili name for Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole is not commonly used or documented.

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Chrysochloris stuhlmanni

TYPE: Mammal

FOOD: Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole primarily feeds on insects, earthworms, small invertebrates, and underground arthropods. Its diet consists mainly of creatures found within the soil layers.

HABITAT: This species of golden mole is endemic to the Eastern Arc Mountains of East Africa, including Tanzania and Kenya. It inhabits various forested and grassland habitats, often found in moist or marshy areas with loose, sandy soils.

SIZE: Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole is relatively small, measuring about 8 to 10 centimeters (3 to 4 inches) in length, with a short tail of around 1 to 2 centimeters (0.4 to 0.8 inches). It has compact, cylindrical body proportions adapted for a burrowing lifestyle.

AVERAGE LIFE SPAN IN THE NATURAL HABITAT: The average life span of Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole in its natural habitat is not extensively studied or documented, but it is estimated to be around 2 to 3 years.

ACTIVE: Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole is primarily active at night, making it a nocturnal species. It spends most of its time underground, foraging for food and constructing intricate burrow systems.

GESTATION PERIOD: The gestation period of Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole, referring to the time from conception to birth, is not extensively studied or documented.

WEIGHT: Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole weighs approximately 20 to 40 grams (0.7 to 1.4 ounces), varying between individuals.

SIZE COMPARISON TO A 6-FT MAN: In comparison to a 6-ft man, Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole is significantly smaller, with a body length of around 8 to 10 centimeters (3 to 4 inches).

Native to the African continent, Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole (Chrysochloris stuhlmanni) thrives in a diverse range of habitats. From grasslands to savannas, this elusive mole adapts to different ecosystems, making it a true survivor. Its distribution spans across regions such as Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda, where it navigates the underground world with remarkable finesse.

Physical Attributes:

Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole boasts a graceful appearance, enhanced by its distinctive physical attributes. This creature measures around 10 to 15 centimeters in length, showcasing a cylindrical body and a short, hairless tail. Its fur, varying in shades of golden-brown, radiates a subtle iridescence under sunlight, lending it a captivating allure. The forelimbs of this mole are incredibly powerful, adapted for efficient digging and burrowing through the soil.


The Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole’s true genius lies beneath the Earth’s surface, where it leads an intriguing subterranean lifestyle. Equipped with specialized adaptations, this mole effortlessly navigates its complex underground tunnels, which serve as its refuge and hunting ground. Its shovel-like paws, designed with powerful claws, enable efficient excavation, ensuring the creature’s survival in a world hidden from view.

Feeding Habits:

In the quest for sustenance, Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole showcases a carnivorous appetite. It preys upon a variety of invertebrates, including earthworms, insects, and larvae. The creature’s acute sense of hearing plays a crucial role in locating its unsuspecting prey, as it relies heavily on sound vibrations transmitted through the soil. By maintaining a balance in its ecosystem through natural predation, the mole contributes to the intricate web of life that sustains its habitat.


The reproductive habits of Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole are shrouded in mystery, as it is challenging to study these creatures in their natural habitat. However, observations reveal that these moles likely engage in solitary lifestyles, with limited social interactions. Female moles give birth to a small litter, typically consisting of one to three young. The offspring, blind and hairless at birth, rely entirely on their mother.

Conservation Status: Protecting a Precious Species

As with many remarkable creatures in the natural world, Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole faces numerous challenges and threats to its survival. Habitat destruction, primarily due to human activities such as agriculture and urbanization, poses a significant risk to these elusive moles. Additionally, climate change and the resulting alterations in ecosystems further endanger their populations.

Efforts to protect and conserve the Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole are crucial for the preservation of this unique species. Collaborative initiatives between governments, conservation organizations, and local communities aim to raise awareness, conduct research, and establish protected areas to safeguard their habitats. By supporting these conservation endeavors, we can contribute to the preservation of this remarkable creature for future generations.

The Significance of Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole

Beyond its intrinsic value as a captivating and mysterious creature, Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole plays an essential role in its ecosystem. As a predator of invertebrates, it helps control their populations, thus maintaining a delicate balance within its habitat. The intricate interconnectedness of species highlights the importance of preserving biodiversity and protecting the natural world.

Moreover, studying the adaptations and behaviors of Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole provides valuable insights into evolutionary processes and the resilience of life. By unraveling the secrets of this unique creature, scientists can better understand the intricacies of ecological systems and the remarkable ways in which organisms adapt to their environments.

Unlocking Nature’s Secrets

The enigmatic allure of the Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole continues to captivate our curiosity. Through scientific research, conservation efforts, and education, we can shed light on its hidden world and promote a deeper understanding of the importance of biodiversity. By sharing knowledge and raising awareness, we can inspire a sense of wonder and appreciation for the intricate beauty of nature.

Let us celebrate the remarkable Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole, an embodiment of nature’s ingenuity and elegance. As we strive to protect and preserve this mysterious creature, we also safeguard the delicate balance of our planet’s ecosystems, ensuring a future where both humans and wildlife can thrive.

Where to Spot the Elusive Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole in Tanzania

Tanzania, a country blessed with abundant wildlife and breathtaking landscapes, offers nature enthusiasts a chance to explore the wonders of the Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole. Although spotting this elusive creature can be a challenge, there are a few locations in Tanzania where your chances of encountering this captivating mole are increased. Join us as we embark on a journey to discover where you can catch a glimpse of the magnificent Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole in Tanzania.

1. Serengeti National Park

Renowned for its incredible wildlife diversity, Serengeti National Park is a haven for nature enthusiasts and wildlife photographers alike. While the focus of most visitors tends to be on the park’s iconic species such as lions and elephants, the vast grasslands and savannas of Serengeti also harbor the elusive Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole. Exploring the park’s varied habitats, particularly those with sandy soils, increases the chances of encountering this remarkable creature.

2. Ngorongoro Conservation Area

Nestled within the Great Rift Valley, the Ngorongoro Conservation Area offers a unique opportunity to witness the wonders of nature, including the elusive Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole. This UNESCO World Heritage Site boasts diverse landscapes, ranging from lush forests to expansive grasslands. Embark on a guided tour or venture along designated trails to increase your chances of spotting this enigmatic mole as it navigates its underground world.

3. Tarangire National Park

Tarangire National Park, known for its ancient baobab trees and vast elephant herds, is another promising location to seek out the Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole. The park’s distinct ecosystems, which include riverine habitats and acacia woodlands, provide an ideal setting for these elusive creatures to thrive. Engage the services of knowledgeable guides who are well-versed in the park’s diverse wildlife, as they can help you track and locate the mole’s intricate network of tunnels.

4. Ruaha National Park

For those seeking a more off-the-beaten-path experience, Ruaha National Park offers a unique opportunity to explore the wilderness of southern Tanzania. This remote and lesser-known park is home to a plethora of wildlife, and the Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole is no exception. Traverse the park’s rugged terrain, characterized by rolling hills and riverine habitats, in search of this mysterious creature. Keep a keen eye out for signs of mole activity, such as molehills or disturbed soil, which may lead you to a sighting.

5. Mahale Mountains National Park

Nestled along the shores of Lake Tanganyika, Mahale Mountains National Park is renowned for its population of chimpanzees. However, this pristine wilderness also provides a habitat for the elusive Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole. Embark on a trek through the dense forests of Mahale in the company of experienced guides, who can help you navigate the terrain and uncover the secrets of this enigmatic creature’s underground world.

A Note on Conservation and Respect

While the prospect of spotting Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole in Tanzania is undoubtedly exciting, it is essential to approach wildlife encounters with respect and conservation in mind. Remember to adhere to park rules and regulations, maintain a safe distance from the animals, and refrain from disturbing their natural habitats. By practicing responsible tourism, we can ensure the preservation of these incredible creatures and their fragile ecosystems for generations to come.

Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole Safari Tips

Embarking on a safari to witness the elusive Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole in its natural habitat is an extraordinary experience for wildlife enthusiasts. To maximize your chances of encountering this enigmatic creature, we have compiled a set of valuable safari tips. By following these guidelines, you can enhance your wildlife adventure and increase the likelihood of spotting the remarkable Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole. Join us as we delve into the world of safari preparation and discovery.

1. Choose the Right Time and Season

Timing is crucial when planning your Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole safari. These elusive creatures are more active during certain times of the day, particularly early morning and late afternoon. Plan your safari accordingly, ensuring that you have ample time to explore their habitats during their most active periods. Additionally, consider visiting during the dry season when the mole’s underground tunnels are more visible, making it easier to track their movements.

2. Seek Knowledgeable Guides

Engaging the services of experienced and knowledgeable guides is essential for a successful Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole safari. These experts possess valuable insights into the mole’s behavior, preferred habitats, and tracking techniques. Their expertise can significantly enhance your chances of spotting this elusive creature. Look for reputable safari operators or guides who specialize in wildlife tracking and have a deep understanding of the mole’s habits and habitat.

3. Opt for Off-the-Beaten-Path Destinations

While popular national parks offer incredible wildlife diversity, consider exploring lesser-known or off-the-beaten-path destinations to increase your chances of encountering the Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole. These remote locations often have fewer visitors and allow for a more intimate wildlife experience. Research and consult with local experts to identify hidden gems where the mole’s presence is more prominent, ensuring a unique and rewarding safari adventure.

4. Utilize Tracking Techniques

Tracking techniques play a vital role in uncovering the presence of Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole. Familiarize yourself with the signs of mole activity, such as molehills or disturbed soil. Expert guides can teach you how to identify these indicators and interpret them to locate the mole’s underground tunnels. By honing your tracking skills, you become an active participant in the safari experience, immersing yourself in the fascinating world of the mole.

5. Patience and Quiet Observation

Patience is key when searching for the Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole. These elusive creatures are master burrowers, and their underground lifestyle makes them particularly elusive. Practice quiet observation, keeping noise to a minimum and maintaining a calm and composed demeanor. By allowing the mole to acclimate to your presence, you increase the likelihood of witnessing its fascinating behaviors and capturing rare sightings.

6. Photography and Documentation

Capturing the beauty and essence of the Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole through photography is a rewarding endeavor. Ensure you have appropriate camera equipment, including a telephoto lens for capturing close-ups. Familiarize yourself with wildlife photography techniques and practice patience to capture the perfect shot. Remember, however, to prioritize the welfare of the mole and its habitat, maintaining a respectful distance and refraining from disturbing its natural behavior.

7. Conservation and Responsible Tourism

As with any wildlife encounter, it is vital to prioritize conservation and responsible tourism practices when searching for the Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole. Respect the mole’s natural habitat and adhere to park regulations and guidelines. Avoid littering, stay on designated paths, and refrain from touching or interfering with the wildlife. By practicing responsible tourism, we contribute to the preservation of these extraordinary creatures and their fragile ecosystems.

Cherish the Journey

A Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole safari is a remarkable opportunity to witness the beauty and mystery of the natural world. Embrace the adventure, immerse yourself in the wonders of Tanzania’s landscapes, and cherish every moment of your wildlife encounter. Remember, the journey itself is just as important as the destination, and the memories you create will last a lifetime.

Frequently Asked Questions: 

Are you curious about the enigmatic Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole? In this section, we address some frequently asked questions to provide you with a deeper understanding of this fascinating creature and its unique characteristics. Join us as we unravel the mysteries surrounding the Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole.

Q1: What is the Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole?

A1: The Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole (Chrysochloris stuhlmanni) is a species of small mammal belonging to the family Chrysochloridae, commonly known as the golden moles. It is endemic to Tanzania, specifically found in various regions across the country.

Q2: How big is the Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole?

A2: The Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole is a small creature, measuring around 8 to 12 centimeters (3 to 5 inches) in length. It has a compact body, cylindrical in shape, and is adapted for a subterranean lifestyle.

Q3: What does the Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole look like?

A3: The Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole has a unique appearance characterized by its silky, golden-brown fur. It has short, dense fur that helps protect it from the soil particles in its underground habitat. Its eyes are small and covered with fur, allowing it to navigate in darkness.

Q4: What is the habitat of the Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole?

A4: The Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole primarily inhabits sandy or loamy soils in various habitats, including grasslands, savannas, and woodlands. It constructs intricate underground tunnels and burrows, where it spends most of its life.

Q5: What is the diet of the Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole?

A5: The Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole feeds mainly on invertebrates, such as insects, earthworms, and larvae. It uses its specialized snout and powerful forelimbs to dig through the soil, locating and capturing its prey.

Q6: Is the Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole endangered?

A6: The conservation status of the Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole is currently listed as Data Deficient by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Due to its elusive nature and the limited research conducted on the species, there is insufficient data to determine its population status accurately.

Q7: Can I see the Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole in the wild?

A7: Spotting the Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole in the wild can be challenging due to its subterranean lifestyle and elusive nature. However, by visiting certain locations in Tanzania, such as Serengeti National Park, Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tarangire National Park, Ruaha National Park, or Mahale Mountains National Park, you increase your chances of a sighting. Engaging knowledgeable guides and practicing tracking techniques further enhances your likelihood of encountering this unique mole.

Q8: What are the threats to the Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole?

A8: The Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole faces several threats to its survival, including habitat destruction due to human activities such as agriculture, urbanization, and deforestation. Climate change and alterations in ecosystems also pose risks to its population. Efforts are underway to protect and conserve the species through habitat preservation and raising awareness of its importance.

Q9: Can I contribute to the conservation of the Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole?

A9: Yes, you can contribute to the conservation of the Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole by supporting organizations and initiatives dedicated to wildlife conservation in Tanzania. Additionally, practicing responsible tourism, spreading awareness about the species, and supporting scientific research can help in understanding and preserving this remarkable creature and its habitat.

Stuhlmann's Golden Mole

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